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Your Dog's Skin

Oily or flaky skin

Dealing with Dandruff


If your dog has oily or dry skin with flakes (dandruff), he may have a condition called seborrhea. 


There are two forms of seborrhea: oily (oleosa) and dry (sicca). A combination of both is frequent. A change in the amount and quality of the oily skin secretions (sebum) causes this condition. An imbalance between new and dying skin cells causes the flakes on your dog's coat and excessive skin peeling.

Underlying conditions such as allergies, endocrine disorders, and dietary deficiencies are common. These conditions cause an imbalance of the skin's ecosystem leading to secondary seborrhea. 

Primary (inherited) seborrhea also exists. It affects young dogs of certain breeds including West Highland White Terriers, Dachshunds, Labrador Retrievers and others. In Shar Peis, primary seborrhoea is common in the body folds.


Oily skin can be waxy or greasy. Often, dogs have a bad odor due to this excessive sebum production.

With dry seborrhea, dandruff is more frequent and a lack of sebum irritates the skin. Skin hyperpigmentation and hair loss are also common.

Damage of the natural protective skin barrier can contribute to bacterial or yeast infections. Itching may also appear. 


A shiny coat and healthy skin is the reflection of a healthy pet. 

  1. Consult your veterinarian to identify and treat the problem.                                                                                                                                                   
  2. Help control the skin condition by using a high-quality shampoo, mousse or micro-emulsion spray or spot-on product to help soothe and clean the skin while protecting the skin barrier ecosystem.
  3. Feed your pet a high-quality, balanced diet. Supplement with essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals if it is recommended by your veterinarian.
  4. Keep your pet free from external parasites by using a high-quality product such as Vectra 3D® to repel and kill fleas, ticks, mosquitoes and other external parasites.  
  5. Schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to monitor your dog's skin condition. Use the scorecard below to monitor your dog's improvements. Download the scorecard here!

We recommend:

DOUXO® Seborrhea